Research on the impact of exposure to community violence tends to define victimization as a single construct. This presentation reviews a study that differentiates between direct and indirect violence victimization and their association with mental health problems and mental health service use. It describes the interplay among risk, psychosocial processes and treatment utilization in the manifestation of depressive symptoms in persons exposed to violence in adolescence. Findings show that direct exposure to violence during adolescence does not predict adolescent depressive symptoms, but it does for adult depressive symptoms -- pointing towards a more complex etiological process whereby a cascade of risk may be activated by violence exposure that is not measurable until adulthood. This shows the need for gateways that enable adults to access mental health services and for comparable or unique strategies for adolescents.
**This content was captured at the 2016 APA Annual Meeting and may reference information from various sources and terminology from previous editions of the DSM.
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- Differentiate the short term and long term mental health consequences of adolescent exposure to community violence.
- Discuss the impact of social structural correlates on victimization, mental health service use, and mental helath symptoms.
- Explain the role of mental health service use in attenuating the short- and long-term negative psychological influences of early adverse life experiences.
Estimated Time to Complete
Estimated Duration: 30 minutes
Begin Date: April 1, 2017
End Date: February 1, 2020
How to Earn Credit
Participants who wish to earn AMA PRA Category 1 Credit ™ or a certificate of participation may do so by completing all sections of the course including the evaluation. A multiple choice quiz is provided based on the content. A passing score of 100% must be achieved. Retakes are available for the test. After evaluating the program, course participants will be provided with an opportunity to claim hours of participation and print an official CME certificate (physicians) or certificate of participation (non-physicians) showing the event date and hours earned.
Continuing Education Credit
The American Psychiatric Association (APA) is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The APA designates this enduring CME activity for a maximum of 0.5 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.
Faculty and Planner Disclosures
- Wan-Yi Chen, Ph.D., M.S.W., West Chester University. Reports no financial relationships with commercial interests.
- Tristan Gorrindo, M.D., Director of Education, American Psychiatric Association. Reports no financial relationships with commercial interests.
- Michael Hann, M.D., Naval Medical Center San Diego. Reports no financial relationships with commercial interests.
- Ricardo A. Juarez, M.S., Deputy Director, Development and Engagement, American Psychiatric Association. Reports no financial relationships with commercial interests.
- Claire Van Wagner, Membership Development Coordinator, American Psychiatric Association. Reports no financial relationships with commercial interests.
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